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Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy: Non-surgical method for losing weight

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Obesity is a growing global health problem, It affects millions and leads to many health complications such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and cardiovascular disease. Traditional methods of losing weight are often, Including diet, exercise, and medications, Not enough for obese people. Surgical interventions such as gastric bypass and gastric sleeve have proven effective but come with significant risks and recovery times. In the last years, Endoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (ESG) has emerged as a promising and minimally invasive alternative. It offers a non-surgical solution to weight loss.

Understanding the laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy procedure

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a new, non-surgical weight-loss procedure that uses an endoscope — a flexible tube with a camera and attached instruments — to reshape the stomach.

Unlike traditional obesity surgeries, The ESG procedure does not involve making incisions or permanent modifications to the digestive system. Instead, A series of stitches are used to reduce the size and capacity of the stomach. It mimics the effects of surgical gastric sleeve surgery, but with fewer risks and a faster recovery period.

The ESG procedure usually takes about 60 to 90 minutes and is performed under general anesthesia. Here’s a step-by-step overview of what patients can expect:

Preparation: Before the procedure, Patients undergo a comprehensive medical evaluation, Including blood tests, imaging studies and consultations with a nutritionist and psychologist to ensure they are suitable candidates for the ESG procedure.

Endoscopic access: The procedure begins by inserting the endoscope through the mouth into the stomach. The endoscope allows the surgeon to see the inside of the stomach on a screen.

Sewing: using specialized tools, The surgeon places a series of stitches along the greater curvature of the stomach. These stitches are tightened to form a sleeve-like shape. Which significantly reduces the size of the stomach.

Finishing: Once the desired shape and size is achieved, The speculum is carefully removed. The patient is then transferred to the recovery area for observation.

Recovery and aftercare

Post-operative recovery is relatively quick compared to traditional surgeries. Most patients can go home the same day or the next day. However, Recovery includes several main stages:

  • Instant recovery: Patients may feel mild discomfort, nausea, and sore throat immediately after the procedure. These symptoms usually resolve within a few days.
  • Dietary modifications: A specific diet plan is crucial to successful recovery and weight loss. in the beginning, Patients follow a liquid diet, Then they gradually move to pureed foods. Finally, solid foods over several weeks.
  • Lifestyle changes: Long-term success with ESG requires significant lifestyle changes. Patients should adhere to a healthy diet and exercise regularly. Continuous follow-up with health care providers helps, Including nutritionists and psychiatrists, In maintaining weight loss and addressing any challenges.

Benefits of laparoscopic gastric sleeve surgery

ESG offers many advantages over traditional weight loss surgeries, This makes it an attractive option for many patients.

  • One of the primary benefits of ESG is its less intrusive nature. The absence of incisions reduces the risk of complications such as infections, hernias, and blood clots. in addition to, The recovery time is much shorter, Allowing patients to resume their daily activities much sooner.
  • Compared to traditional obesity surgeries, ESG carries less risk. Because the procedure does not involve cutting or stapling the stomach, There is less possibility of leaks or bleeding. The laparoscopic approach also reduces the risk of adverse reactions associated with general anesthesia.
  • While ESG is intended to be a permanent solution, However, it is technically reversible. Sutures can be removed or modified if necessary. And restore the stomach to its original shape. This flexibility can be reassuring to patients who are concerned about the continuity of weight loss surgery.
  • Studies have shown that laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is effective in promoting significant weight loss and improving health conditions associated with obesity. Patients typically lose 15 to 20 percent of their total body weight within a year of the procedure. Furthermore it, Many experience improvements in conditions such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, and sleep apnea.

Disadvantages and potential considerations

While laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy offers many benefits, It is important to consider potential drawbacks and limitations.

  • Although the ESG process results in significant weight loss, However, it may be less dramatic compared to surgical options such as gastric bypass or gastric sleeve. Patients with very high body mass indexes (BMIs) or severe obesity-related health problems may have better outcomes with traditional obesity surgery.
  • Success in ESG depends largely on the patient’s commitment to lifestyle changes. Without adhering to a healthy diet and regular exercise, The weight loss achieved through ESG can be short-lived. This means that patient motivation and support systems are critical to long-term success.

As a relatively new procedure, Long-term data on the effectiveness and safety of ESG is limited. While preliminary studies are promising, However, continued research is necessary to fully understand the long-term outcomes and potential complications associated with this procedure.

Eligibility and nomination

Not everyone with obesity is a suitable candidate for an ESG procedure. Ideal candidates typically have a BMI between 30 and 40 and have not had success using traditional weight loss methods. in addition to, Patients must be willing to commit to significant lifestyle changes and follow-up care.

Medical evaluation

A comprehensive medical evaluation is necessary to determine eligibility. This includes assessing the patient’s general health, psychological readiness, and understanding of the procedure. Conditions such as gastrointestinal disorders, previous stomach surgeries, or certain medical conditions may disqualify a patient from undergoing an ESG procedure.

Psychological evaluation

Psychological preparedness is also a crucial factor. Patients must demonstrate understanding of the lifestyle changes required and be motivated to adhere to post-procedure instructions. Psychological support can, Before and after the procedure, To enhance the likelihood of long-term success.

Comparison of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy with other weight loss methods

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy
  • ESG versus traditional obesity surgery: Traditional obesity surgeries such as gastric bypass and gastric sleeve are highly effective but come with greater risks and longer recovery times. ESG offers a less invasive alternative with fewer complications, This makes it suitable for patients who may not be eligible for surgery or would prefer to avoid it.
  • ESG vs Intragastric Balloon: Gastric balloon is another non-surgical weight loss option that involves placing a balloon in the stomach to reduce its capacity. Despite its effectiveness, The balloon must be removed after six months. Which often leads to weight regain. On the other hand, ESG provides a more sustainable solution without having to remove the device.
  • Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy versus lifestyle modifications: Diet and exercise remain the cornerstones of weight management. But their effectiveness can be limited for obese individuals. ESG provides an additional tool for those struggling to achieve significant weight loss through lifestyle modifications alone. Which enhances their ability to maintain weight loss in the long term.

The future of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy

As obesity rates continue to rise, The demand for effective and less invasive weight loss solutions is increasing. ESG represents a major advance in this area, It offers a viable alternative to traditional surgical methods. Continued research and technological advances will likely improve the procedure, improve outcomes, and expand its availability.

Technological innovations

Advances in endoscopic technology and suturing techniques are constantly improving the safety and effectiveness of ESG. Future innovations may include more durable stitches, and improved visualization tools, robotic assistance, This reduces risk and improves accuracy.


Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy is a leading non-surgical method for weight loss. It provides an effective, safe and minimally invasive alternative to traditional obesity surgeries. Thanks to its many benefits, including reducing risks, shorter recovery times, significant weight loss, ESG is poised to become a cornerstone of the fight against obesity. With continuing research and technological advancement, ESG holds the promise of changing the landscape of weight loss interventions. Providing hope for millions of people suffering from obesity around the world.

If you suffer from obesity and traditional methods of losing weight do not work, Endoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (ESG) may be the solution you have been looking for. Schedule a free consultation with a Real Beauty certified surgeon to discuss your eligibility for the procedure

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